Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

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Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya. Current Issue Articles

Ivanina E.O., Gracheva A.S., Markov Y.A., Gorbunova E.S. Search for familiar and dangerous: not seeing a gopnik in the crowd

Background: Subcultures often develop distinct fashion style, which eventually becomes their “trademark” and represents the culture. In post-soviet countries, “gopniks” are one of the most prominent subcultures that is also present in popular media. Nevertheless, it is unknown to which extent the established image of “gopniks” in common knowledge can influence low-level perceptual processes such as search asymmetry.
Objective: Our aim was to examine the influence of specific features of “gopnik” image on visual search. 

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Bayramyan R.M., Chulyukin K.S. On a Problem of Creative Thinking and Subjective Well-Being of Primary School Students

To understand the nature of creative thinking process in primary school students, their subjective well-being needs to be estimated as well. Subjective well-being represents a measure of quality of life, satisfaction with life, affective components of personality, etc. The aim of this study was to explore how a sense of well-being/disadvantage manifests in creatively active and inactive children.

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Zagvozkina V.A., Fedosina S.S. Features of motivation for health behavior in in cadets: a pilot study experience

Development of motivation for healthy behavior among adolescents is of highest priorities for the World Health Organization. According to the theory of planned behavior by Ajzen, health-related behavioral intention is determined by attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control.
Our study aimed to investigate motivation for healthy behavior in cadets compared to school students. In total, 106 cadets and school students (9-11 grade) of Perm, Russia participated in the study. The questionnaire of impaired healthy behavior by E.L. Lutsenko and O.E. Gabelkova was applied together with authors’ questionnaire of motivation for healthy behavior. 

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Knyazev E.B., Kydasheva Z.E. Differences in socio-psychological characteristics of young people with different levels of internality in achievement area

In this study we aimed at investigating the relationship between the socio-psychological characteristics and the level of internality. The study involved 166 students from Saratov aged 17–24 years.
Comparative analyses showed that socio-psychological characteristics vary depending on the level of internality. These socio-psychological differences related to interpersonal relationships and social attitudes of motivational needs. Specifically, incredulously skeptical and submissive-shy types of relationships were characteristic of individuals with low internality. Authority-leading type of relationship and social attitude towards achievement were characteristic of people with high and medium internality.

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Nikolaev D.E. Mechanisms of motive formation: cultural-historical approach

Even though motives for action have been widely studied, the mechanisms of motive formation remain unclear. These mechanisms perhaps play a key role in practical implementation of occupational and study motivation. Also, investigation of motive formation mechanisms might be important for development of psychological theory. 
Based on the ideas of V.K.Vilyunas, four mechanisms of motive formation were analysed: motivational conditioning (1), motivational mediation (2), motivational conditioning with predictable reinforcement (3) and motivational mediation with direct reinforcement (4).

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Shalyapin A.A., Danina M.M. Studies of the effect of presence in virtual reality: current status and perspective

The article discusses modern studies of the presence effect – a psychological phenomenon, which consists of the illusion of presence in a virtual environment created by special hardware. Technical, content-related and subjective factors that influence the presence effect are considered. The subjective and objective methods of measuring the presence effect are analyzed. 

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Yanchenko A.A., Nartova-Bochaver S.K. Self-compassion as an adaptive feature of the person

In this paper we discuss self-compassion in terms of its role in the personality adaptation. The latter is defined as the maintenance of psychological well-being and functionality in different life events. Additionally, we aimed at adaptation of the Fears of compassion scale. The scale estimates level of compassion and it has not been adapted for Russian culture. The first stage of the study included primary psychometric development and validation of the main research tool.

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