Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya • ISSN 2075-7999
peer-reviewed • open access journal
      

 

Babaeva Yu.D., Rotova N.A., Sabadosh P.A. Determinants of intellectual test performance under time pressure

Full text in Russian: Бабаева Ю.Д., Ротова Н.А., Сабадош П.А. Детерминанты выполнения теста интеллекта в условиях ограничения времени
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences

About authors
Suggested citation


Theoretical and empirical grounds which enable to consider time pressure in intelligence problem solving as an important determinant of thought process are analyzed. Solving Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices with eye-tracking and pupillometry (N = 31) reveals that time pressure causes enhancement of applied mental effort and reduces the percent of matrix analysis in problem solving process and thus decreases intellectual efficiency. Differences in thought process between groups selected by intellectual efficiency level are demonstrated. Developing less effort in problem solving the least successful subjects are less likely to increase it under time pressure. The most successful subjects devote most of the time to task condition analysis and try not to constrict it even in time pressure. They also spend more time than others on solving difficult tasks. It is concluded that time pressure's influence on problem solving is determined by current intellectual resources and subject's motivation.

Keywords: intelligence, time pressure, Raven's Progressive Matrices, oculography, eye-tracking, pupillometry, thought process, mental effort

 

References

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Received 2 July 2011. Date of publication: 20 October 2012.

About authors

Babaeva Yuliya D. Ph.D., Associate Professor, Senior Research Associate, Laboratory of Labor Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Rotova Natalya A. Ph.D. Student, Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Mokhovaya, 11, str. 9, 125009 Moscow, Russia.
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Sabadosh Pavel A. Ph.D., Research Associate, V.N.Druzhinin Laboratory of Psychology of Abilities and Mental Resources, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Yaroslavskaya, 13, 129366 Moscow, Russia.
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Suggested citation

Babaeva Yu.D., Rotova N.A., Sabadosh P.A. Determinants of intellectual test performance under time pressure. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya, 2012, Vol. 5, No. 25, p. 4. http://psystudy.ru (in Russian, abstr. in English).

Permanent URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/eng/2012v5n25e/745-babaeva25e.html

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